Gymnastics lecture: what do you need to know?
05 januari 2022 
5 min. read

Gymnastics lecture: what do you need to know?

 gymnastics talk is of course great fun to give. It is a subject that everyone knows something about, but not everyone knows about it in detail. If you would also like to give a talk about gymnastics, it is useful to read this article carefully. We are going to give you some useful information about gymnastics, which you can use for your own gymnastics talk.

Gymnastics lecture: What is gymnastics - sport and history

Gymnastics is a sport that involves exercises that require strength, flexibility, balance and coordination. It may involve running, jumping, doing somersaults and balancing. In women's gymnastics there are four apparatuses: floor, uneven bars, balance beam and Pegasus. In men's gymnastics there are six apparatuses: floor, parallel beam, horizontal bar, full gymnastics, Pegasus and rings.

Gymnastics began as a sport in ancient Greece. It was one of the first sports at the Olympic Games. Originally, only men were allowed to participate in the Olympics, but there was another festival where women participated. This was called the Herean Games.

In your talk, it is a good idea to start with a bit about the history of gymnastics, before moving on to what gymnastics is all about!

The different components

In gymnastics, there are several apparatuses that can be practised. If you are equally good at all the apparatuses, and you try to achieve the highest possible total score at competitions, then you are a multicamp gymnast. Some gymnasts are very good at one particular apparatus. These athletes call themselves apparatus specialists.

Dutch gymnast Yuri van Gelder is known for his performance in the rings. He has been European champion three times and world champion once. Even better known is Epke Zonderland. His speciality is gymnastics on the horizontal bar. He is an Olympic champion, triple European champion and triple world champion on this apparatus. Then you can really call yourself a specialist.

In your gymnastics talk, let your class know what your favourite gymnast is, and tell them about it! Your classmates are sure to enjoy hearing who it is!

About the gymnastics equipment

 Jump gymnastics

Pegasus - In the pegasus, gymnasts first sprint over a 25-metre run-up track, then jump onto a springboard, and then perform a specific jump on the pegasus, using their hands to land on the apparatus. Finally, they land on the thick mat. The more difficult the jump, the higher the starting value of the jump.

Uneven Bars - On the Uneven Beam (women's apparatus), the gymnast performs a number of tricks on two parallel horizontal girders set at different heights. The jump off of this apparatus is always from the high beam to the thick mat below. The more difficult the tricks, the higher the score they can achieve.

 Beam gymnastics

Balance beam - The gymnast performs a number of exercises of up to 90 seconds consisting of jumps, acrobatic elements and gymnastic turns on a long beam. The beam is 125 centimetres high, 500 centimetres long and 10 centimetres wide.

   Beam gymnastics



Floor - This is a large square springy surface of 12x12 metres. The ladies have a floor exercise to music, the men without music. Here again, various acrobatic series and gymnastic jumps must be shown in order to meet the requirements of the exercise.

Men's appliances

Rings - The rings are one of the classic gymnastics apparatuses, they are made of wood, attached to a piece of leather which in turn is attached to steel cables or ropes. Rings can be used for various types of basic movements, such as swinging silently, swinging with a release and diving.


Vaulting - Vaulting involves the gymnast using his hands to support himself on the stirrups or the horse itself, without touching the apparatus with the rest of his body. Examples of voltige elements are flanks, scissors and the 'Thomas Flair' the most important basic movements. There are a number of variants of these, such as the circle flank, the counter scissors and the suisse simple.


Parallel bars – It consists of two parallel bars that are adjustable in height and are at the same height. In men's gymnastics, the height of the bars is chosen so that the feet cannot touch the ground, even in different swing forms.

Gymnsatic bar - As a gymnastic discipline, gymnastics on the stretch is one of the components of the Olympic apparatus gymnastics for men. In men's gymnastics, a swinging height bar is used, which means that the gymnast can hang on the bar without his feet touching the ground.


A good landing 

The landing is of course the last step in gymnastics. This is a skill that is really hard to learn, but is super important for competition scores. Without a good landing, the risk of getting injuries during somersaults increases very quickly. To prevent such injuries and to get a high score, the landing must be really top-notch. A successful landing in gymnastics is classified as soft. This also means that the landing must look smooth.



In gymnastics, most gymnasts are very flexible. They can do a splitset with ease, and they can do a bow without difficulty. Flexibility is more or less a prerequisite for good gymnastics, and for getting high marks at a competition. A splitshot on the floor has to be done completely in splitshot. And a small curve on the beam earns you a lot of points. The more flexible you are, the more benefits you will gain in gymnastics.


Being strong is also an important condition to become good at gymnastics. In addition to flexibility, it takes a lot of jumping power to do a splitshot on the floor. And what about jumping over the pegasus? Running up, down and over the pegasus requires a great deal of strength from your body.

What should you wear? 

Most girls and boys who do gymnastics wear a leotard with gymnastics shorts during lessons. It is easy to move around in this suit, so that you can do all the exercises properly. Girls and boys with long hair wear it in a ponytail or bun, so it does not bother them.

On the uneven bars, parallel bars, rings and horizontal bar, most gymnasts wear leathers on their hands in order to have a good grip on these apparatuses. They also use magnesium. This is a kind of white powder that makes your hands even more slippery. During gymnastics competitions it is compulsory to wear a leotard and to keep your hair tidy.

If you have a gymnastics outfit of your own, it is fun to take it along during your presentation! Then you can show your classmates what your leotard looks like. Who knows, you might even dare to give your speech in your gymnastics outfit! Then you can show some cool tricks right away.

How do you become a good gymnast?

To become really good at gymnastics, you have to train and practice a lot. Top gymnasts often train 30 hours a week. You can only keep this up if you really enjoy the sport. This is the most important condition for becoming a good gymnast: passion and fun!

Do you need more information about gymnastics lecture? Then take a look at the platform of Gymnastics Tools!


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